Sustainable Graffiti Management Solutions for Public Areas
Towards advancing sustainable gra ti management solutions for public areas, this article investigates the e cacy and socio- ecological e ects of a range of contemporary gra ti management tactics. In addition to nding that reactive management tactics (e.g. painting over gra ti, chemical-based gra ti removal, and anti-gra ti coatings) are largely ine ective at deterring gra ti vandalism in public areas, it is shown that reactive management e orts also entail both short- and long-term environmental risks. Moreover, a comparison of reactive and proactive management tactics (e.g. landscaping techniques, green walls, community murals, legal gra ti spaces, and public art workshops) indicates that the cumulative environmental e ects of reactive tactics are signi cantly more detrimental to human health and local ecosystems. Accordingly, it is recommended that local authorities focus on proactive gra ti management tactics for public areas. Finally, several best practice case studies of sustainable gra ti management are highlighted.